Troutbeck Roman Camps, Fort & Fortlet
Period: Roman Date: Mixture
Location: Troutbeck - North Lakes
A total of 5 separate roman settlements are located to the north of the A66 in Troutbeck. There are three marching camps, one fort and a smaller fortlet. The fortlet is actually located inside the fort so not marked on the map but is discussed in part 1. The exact chronology of the forts and camps is currently unknown.
Roman Fort & Fortlet

The fort is square in shape which is standard with each side measuring approximately 120m on each side. It has been suggested that occupation here was only over a short period due to no evidence of a Vicus. Over a period of time when a fort was occupied, a Vicus would develop, housing locals, merchants and craftsmen for trading with the fort. There is an apparent lack here.

The later fortlet is located in the south east corner of the older fort using most of the original eastern defences and half of the south defences. Two entrances, one on each of the longer sides.

Marching Camp 1

This marching camp is located just 100m north west of the fort. There is an entrance on each side protected by internal claviculae. The north west and south east entrances are centred, whilst the north east and south west were aligned differently to face the threat from that direction.

The defences of the camp measure 200m on the longest side by 185m.

Marching Camp 2
A small marching camp about 85m from the fort. There are two entrances each with double-clavicular defences on the west and south sides. The defences have been augmented by an additional rampart which might indicate that this was more of a small fort than a camp. But there is no evidence showing that this was anything but temporary.
Marching Camp 3

This is the largest marching camp in Troutbeck and possibly dates from the Flavian period (1st Century AD). Its location on top of Loftshaw Hill make it around 500m from the fort in a east-north-east direction. There are four entrances each with external claviculae and internal clavicuar defences to the north and south. The east and west entrances are slightly offset to the south.

The camp measures approximately 380m by 300m, but other reports state it to be larger than that.
Roman Road
A roman road passes through the complex in an east-west direction. It passes close to the larger camp 3 first, which could mean that the camp predates the road. Although aerial photography possibly shows a connection from the camp to the road. A dark cropmark links the centre of the eastern defences to the road in a south east direction. The road then becomes sandwiched between the fort and camp 2. This indicates that camp 2 and the fort were contemporary. The road then passes through the south side of camp 1 meaning that the camp predates the road.
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